We’re building Fourandsix upon more than a decade of research in detecting image manipulation. Here’s a sampling of press coverage of co-founder Hany Farid’s innovations, as well as coverage for our first product, FourMatch:


"World Press Photo of the Year was not a fake"

The Week, May 15, 2013

Dr Hany Farid, professor of computer science at Dartmouth College, and Kevin Connor, the CEO of the image authentication company Fourandsix Technologies, examined Hansen’s RAW file of Gaza Burial – the original unaltered copy of the image captured by the camera. They concluded that Hansen had applied a “fair amount of post-production, in the sense that some areas have been made lighter and others darker”. But Farid and Connor “ruled out” any suggestion the image was a composite. As a result, Gaza Burial has been reconfirmed as the 2013 World Press Photo of the Year.


"This startup can tell you if a photo is fake"

Mashable, September 21, 2012

In the age of Photoshop, it’s almost impossible to say with absolute certainty whether any given image is real, but one former Photoshop employee hopes to change that. Fourandsix Technologies, a startup founded by a former Adobe Photoshop executive and a digital forensics expert, unveiled its first piece of software this week, which promises to help law enforcement determine whether a photo is authentic or not.


"Photoshop forensics" [radio interview]

CBC Radio, September 20, 2012

These days, how do you know if a photo is real? What are the ways we can detect if a photo is authentic, and why is that ability becoming more important especially for law enforcement? Nora Young speaks with Hany Farid, he’s a professor of Computer Science at Dartmouth College who has been researching ways to authenticate photos. Just this week, he launched his company Fourandsix Technologies, which offers software to help with this task.


"New service takes the faux out of photos"

Discovery News, September 20, 2012

As an expert in digital forensics, Farid’s work has primarily been geared towards individual projects. That is, until now. With the announcement of startup company Fourandsix Technologies, Farid and and co-founder Kevin Connor, a 15-year Adobe veteran, are making their services available to the public.


"A start-up figures out Photoshop abuses"

The New York Times, September 18, 2012

Hany Farid, a professor at Dartmouth College, has built a career and a reputation as a leading researcher in digital image forensics. He has made software tools for a number of impressive projects in recent years. One was a pixel-sleuthing program to detect how much fashion photographs have been burnished with Adobe’s Photoshop editing program to remove wrinkles and flab, while plumping up lips and breasts. Another was software for the automated detection of child pornography on the Web to help law enforcement agencies.


"Fourandsix releases image authenticator software"

CNET, September 18, 2012

Company executives have good street cred in the area: the software came from Chief Technology Officer Hany Farid, a longtime expert in photo forensics (Get it? Forensics sounds like Fourandsix), and its president is Kevin Connor, former vice president of product management for Photoshop at Adobe Systems. Farid and Adobe worked together in the area in 2007, but never released any software.


"Photo fakery tackled by FourMatch: Software that tells you when the camera lies"

TechCrunch, September 18, 2012

The startup, which is currently self-funded, sees a market for its fake flagging software in law enforcement — combating crimes such as child exploitation — and for legal professionals.


"Three ways to spot if an image has been manipulated"

Poynter (Regret the Error), May 24, 2012

Over the course of 16 years spent working in product management for Adobe, Kevin Connor often heard customers ask if there was any way to determine whether an image had been altered using Photoshop. …Connor is now working with noted digital image forensics expert Dr. Hany Farid on a startup to provide tools to help sniff out altered images. Their company, Fourandsix, will roll out its first detection product later this year.

Also featured in:

Photo District News, May 31, 2012

BoingBoing, May 31, 2012

PetaPixel, May 31, 2012

CreativePro.com, June 7, 2012

Forbes, June 9, 2012

Imaging Resource, June 12, 2012


“Exposing digitally doctored photos”

The Boston Globe, December 5, 2011

“Start-up company Fourandsix Technologies, cofounded by Dartmouth College computer scientist Hany Farid, is developing software that will determine whether a photo has been altered since it was first taken - and if so, how.”


“Exposed: Software reveals how much photos have been retouched”

The Guardian, November 29, 2011

“There is a better way. Computer image specialists Hany Farid and Eric Kee at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire, US, have come up with a technique that measures how much a digital picture has been manipulated. It ignores trivial tweaks that improve the picture quality and focuses on changes that most alter a person’s appearance.”


“I'm ready for my touch-up...the secrets of Photoshop unmasked”

The Independent, November 29, 2011

“Their system scores a ‘1’ when there is little retouching and ‘5’ when there are significant changes. The computer programme they have developed looks at the image in terms of geometric changes, which include slimming the legs, hips and arms, the elongating of the neck or the enlarging of the eyes. It also assesses the photometric alterations, which affect skin tone and texture and are used to eradicate wrinkles, cellulite, blemishes, freckles, and dark circles under the eyes.”


“New tool to answer if it's real or Photoshopped”

Toronto Star, November 29, 2011

“Farid, along with a Ph.D. student Eric Kee, invented the novel five-point metric measurement, and their research will be published this week in the American academic journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. He said they’re now considering developing a tool for Photoshop through his software company, Fourandsix (a play on forensics).”


“Computer model spots image fraud”

Nature, November 28, 2011

“The resulting system is able to rate the extent of manipulation in new pairs of images with an accuracy of about 80%, says Farid. Although the technique is currently specifically tuned to images of people, Farid sayst that the unerlying algorithms could easily be adapted to analyse scientific images, using journal editors and scientists during the training process.”


“Physical implausibility”

The Economist, November 28, 2011

“Dr. Farid’s position is in computer science, but his interest is social change. He proposes that magazines voluntarily adopt a code in which his algorithm’s result would be shown alongside modified photographs, possibly with explanatory text that details the sorts of changes found. Dr. Farid says an objective (though subjectively tuned) reference point removes the heat from the topic, and might give magazines a goal to reduce retouching if the extent of their efforts is numerically revealed.”


“Photoshopped or not? A tool to tell”

The New York Times, November 28, 2011

“The Dartmouth research, said Seth Matlins, a former talent agent and marketing executive, could be ‘hugely important’ as a tool for objectively measuring the degree to which photos have been altered.”


“Automating the hunt for child pornographers”

New Scientist, April 6, 2011

“More recently, Microsoft teamed up with Hany Farid, a specialist in digital imagery at Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire, to develop a system called PhotoDNA. This can scan through millions of images being stored and viewed online, flagging those that match images held in NCMEC’s database. That’s useful because child pornographers repeatedly circulate old images as well as new ones. The idea is that PhotoDNA will help companies that unknowingly host illegal material to detect and purge it - and pass information to the police for investigation.”


“Hany Farid vs. Photoshop”

Bloomberg Businessweek, December 29, 2010

“A warning to anyone trying to pass off faked photos as real: Hany Farid is on to you. The Dartmouth College computer scientist is developing digital forensics software that can instantly tell whether an image has been manipulated, and what make and model of camera captured it.”


“Can you believe your eyes in the digital world?”

BBC News, August 2, 2010

“His team uses scientific equations and mathematical algorithms to analyse photos looking for statistical anomalies in their composition.”


“Tech Watch: Solo Act”

Popular Mechanics, April 1, 2010

“Digital forensic tools have added to the evidence that Lee Harvey Oswald was a lone gunman rather than part of a conspiracy to kill President John F Kennedy.”

Related video:


“Nova | Profile: Hany Farid”

Nova Science Now, PBS, June 25, 2008

“This self-proclaimed ‘accidental scientist’ is a digital detective inventing new ways to tell if photos have been faked.”